Important Vaccines And Their Inventors Exam Study Notes

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Important Vaccines And Their Inventors Exam Study Notes

Important Vaccines And Their Inventors

Vaccines And Their Inventors Exam Study Notes

Bacterial Diseases

Cholera Vibrio Cholerae 1) Monovalent vaccine based on formalin
2) Bivalent vaccine based on V. cholerae serogroups O1
Louis Pasteur
Pneumococcal Pneumonia Streptococcus pneumoniae 1) Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines
2) Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
William Osler
Typhoid Fever Salmonella typhi 1) Injectable polysaccharide vaccine based on the purified Vi antigen for persons aged two years and above
2) Live attenuated oral Ty21a vaccine in capsule formulation for those over five years of age
Almroth Edward Wright
Meningococcal meningitis Neisseria meningitidis 1) Polysaccharide vaccines are available in bivalent (A, C), trivalent (A, C, W135), & quadrivalent (A, C, W135, Y) formulations
2) Conjugate vaccines are available in monovalent (A or C), quadrivalent (A, C, W135, Y), or combination (serogroup C and Haemophilus influenzae type b) formulations.
Tuberculosis Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG) Albert Calmette and Camille Guerin
Epiglottitis, meningitis , pneumonia Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) Hib Vaccine David Smith
Q Fever Coxiella burnetii Q fever vaccine(doxycycline, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin & hydroxychloroquine) H.R. Cox and Gordon Davis
Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheriae DTP vaccine or pentavalent vaccine Behring
Tetanus Clostridium tetani tetanus-toxoid-containing vaccines (TTCV) Emil von Behring
Whooping Cough Bordetella pertussis DPT Vaccine Jules Bordet and Octave Gengou
Anthrax Bacillius anthracis Anthrax Vaccines Louis Pasteur
Leprosy Bacterium Mycobacterium leprae Dapsone, rifampicin Guy Henry Faget

Viral Diseases

Bacteria/ Virus
Hepatitis A Hepatitis A Hepatitis A vaccine (Such as Havrix, Avaxim etc.,) Steven M. Feinstone
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Vaccine (such as Sci-B-vac, Pentabio.etc,) Dr. Blumberg won
Hepatitis E Hepatitis E Hepatitis E Vaccine (such as Hecolin)
Cervical cancer, Genital warts, anogenital cancers Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Bivalent & Quadrivalent vaccine Ian Frazer
Influenza Influenza Virus Influenza Vaccine (such as Flumist, Flubio etc.,) Jonas Salk & Thomas Francis
Japanese encephalitis Japanese encephalitis virus 1) Inactivated mouse brain-based vaccines
2) Inactivated cell-based vaccines
3) Live attenuated vaccines &
4) Live recombinant vaccines.
Measles Measles virus measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) Vaccine, measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) Vaccine Maurice Hilleman
Mumps Mumps Virus measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) Vaccine, measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) Vaccine Maurice Hilleman
Poliomyelitis Polio virus 1) Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV)
2) Trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV)
3) Bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV)
4) Monovalent oral polio vaccines (mOPV1, mOPV2 and mOPV3)
Dr. Jonas Salk
Rabies Rabies Virus Human diploid cell rabies vaccine (H.D.C.V.) Louis Pasteur & Emile Roux
Rota viral gastroenteritis Rotavirus Rotavirus Vaccine (RotaTeq, Rotarix) Paul A. Offit
Rubella Rubella virus measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) Vaccine, measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) Vaccine Maurice Hilleman
Tick-borne encephalitis Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) 1) FSME-Immun
2) Encepur
3) TBE-Moscow &
4) EnceVir
Chicken pox, Shingles Varicella zoster virus 1) Varicella vaccine
2) Shingles vaccine
3) MMRV vaccine
Michiaki Takahashi
Small pox Variola Virus Smallpox Vaccine (Dryvax, Imvanex) Edward Jenner
Yellow Fever Yellow Fever Virus Yellow Fever Vaccine (YF-VAX) Max Theiler
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