Use Of Conjunctions In English Grammar | English Study Notes

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Use Of Conjunctions In English Grammar | TNPSC Exam Study Notes

First of all, we should know what is Conjunction?

  • Connect + Junction= Conjunction.Conjunction is a word.It joins two words, two sentences and two clauses.

What’s the use of Conjunctions in English Grammar?

  • Conjunction works like a connector.If it is necessary, it can extend the sentence or it can compress the sentence.So these are used to minimize or maximize the language.

Some of the Conjunctions:

and for after before while
But also if unless than
or still though as since
that else although when only
for because till where

Eg: 

  • Birds fly and fish swim.
  • He is slow but he is sure.
  • Unless you go there ,you don’t know what has happened there.
  • Although she is not beautiful, she wants to be a film star.
  • Is there still raining?
  • The train had left before we reached the railway station.

Kinds of Conjunction: 

Conjunctions are divided into four kinds, namely

  1. Correlative Conjunctions.
  2. Compound Conjunctions.
  3. Co-ordinating Conjunctions.
  4. Subordinate Conjunctions.

1. Correlative Conjunctions: 

These are used in pairs.
Eg:

either – or such – that
Neither – nor as-as
Both –and as – so
Though – yet so—that
Whether – or hardly – when
Not only –but also scarcely – when
Such – as no sooner – than

Eg : 

  • Madhavi is either a typist or a teacher.[It means Madhavi is doing two jobs parallely one is Typist andTeacher].
  • She can speak neither English nor Hindi.[It means she cannot speak English and Hindi].
  • He is both handsome and clever.
  • Though he tried to convince his boss,[yet] she was not happy with his words.
  • I don’t know whether she will marry him or continue her studies. [Here, whether expresses doubt].
  • He not only wrote song but also sang it.[Here ,this conjunction denotes he wrote the song and he himself sang the song].
  • I read such books as Oxford Encyclopedia and Cambrige English Grammar to improve my knowledge.
  • Vijay is as clever as Ajay.[ Here as-as denotes vijay and Ajay are clevers].
  • As you work, so the result is.[ Here, As-so denotes our capability that is how we work that decides our success].
  • He went to Agra so that he might see TajMahal.
  • I had hardly reached home when the phone began ringing. [ In this sentence, hardly reveals that by the time he reached home, he is too tired].
  • She had scarcely returned home when someone knocked at the door. [Here also scarcely gives almost same meaning like hardly that she has just reached home].
  • we had no sooner started for Hyderabad than our uncle arrived. [In this sentence, no sooner denotes that They are about go to Hyd but by that time their uncle arrived].

Compound Conjunctions: 

Group of words which are used as conjunctions are known as Compound Conjunctions.
Eg:

in order that as though
On condition that in as much as
Even if as well as
So that as soon as
Provided that as if

Eg: 

  • He applied for a job in order that he might help his parents.
  • I can lend you the money on condition that you return it in a month.
  • Even if she is beautiful, I won’t marry her.
  • He saved some money so that he might use it in future.
  • She appears as though she were a film star.[ Here, She is not a film star but she appears like that].
  • Madhavi, as well as her friend, is beautiful. [ It means both are beautiful].
  • As soon as I read the books of Dr.APJ Kalam , I became a big fan of him.[It means very soon I became a fan].

Co-ordinate Conjunctions: 

conjunctions which are used to join together clauses of equal rank are known as Co-ordinate Conjunctions.
Eg:
 and, but,for,nor,or, also etc.
  • She spoke impressively at the meeting and won the appreciation of all.
  • I offered to help her but she refused my help.
  • I must try hard for there is heavy competition.
  • He is not my friend nor my relative.
  • You must begin the work today or you will not finish it in time. [Here, or denotes if you don’t start the work, you cannot complete the work].

Subordinate Conjunctions: 

Conjunctions which are used to join clauses ofunequal rank are known as Subordinating Cinjunctions.

Eg:

 After although when
Because till  where
If before  while
That unless than
Though as

Eg : 

He came after I had finished my work. 

  • In this sentence two actions done in past.we should carefully pause the sentence otherwise it changes the meaning.

This sentence gives two meanings. 

  1. He came, after I had finished my work. [ It means first I finished my work later he came].
  2. He came after ,I had finished my work. [ It means first he came later I completed my work].
  • She was sad because she lost her job.
  • If you permit me, I will come there.
  • We believe that Swami Vivekananda was a genius.
  • Although you are rich, you cannot do everything.
  • Though he is great ,he is humble.
  • Wait there till I call you.
  • Do as I tell you.
  • My brother had got job before he got married. [It means first my brother got job,later he got marriage]. before conjunction not only connects the sentences but also denotes which action is done first ,which is done next.
  • Please stay where you are.
  • She is Watching TV while I am reading.
  • She wrote the exam better than I expected.

So, these are the types of conjunctions and their usage.Having awareness about these conjunctions we can connect the sentences effectively.


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