Indian Constitution | Supreme Court & High Courts | Exam Study Materials

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Indian Constitution | Supreme Court & High Courts | Exam Study Materials

Indian Constitution Courts

Indian Constitution | Supreme Court & High Courts | Exam Study Materials

Supreme Court

  • Judiciary is that branch of government which interprets law, settles disputes and administers justice. Laws are like dead letters without courts to explain and expound their meaning.
  • Judiciary is the watchdog of democracy, guardian of the constitution as well as champion of liberty.
    In India the structure of judiciary is like a pyramid. The Supreme Court is at the apex, below it, there are High Courts, the next step in the hierarchy are the district courts and at the bottom of the judicial pyramid are the subordinate courts.
  • In India, the courts from top to bottom deal with the disputes arising under the laws enacted by the Union Parliament as well as by state legislatures.
  • Independent Judiciary : Sine – Qua – Non of Democracy (Absolutely needed)
  • Exist to see that laws made by legislature are intra vires (with the constitution)
  • At the apex lie SC : Custodian & interpreter of constitution
  • Originally 1 CJ & 7 judges, but At present 1 CJ & 30 Judges

 

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