Battles of Punjab Involving The Sikh Empire – Exam Study Material

Battles of Punjab Involving The Sikh Empire – Exam Study Material

Brief History of Sikh Empire:

  • During the early years of the nineteenth century, the Sikh kingdom of Punjab was expanded and consolidated by Maharajah Ranjit Singh.
  • Ranjit Singh was proclaimed as Maharaja of the Punjab on 12 April 1801 (to coincide with Vaisakhi), creating a unified political state.
  • At its peak in the 19th century, the Empire extended from
  • Western Tibet in the east
  • Khyber Pass in the west to
  • And from
  • Mithankot in the south to
  • Kashmir in the north.
  • It was the last major region of the subcontinent to be conquered by the British.
  • After the death of Ranjit Singh, the empire was weakened by internal divisions and political mismanagement.
  • The Sikh Empire was divided into four provinces: Lahore, in Punjab, which became the Sikh capital, Multan, also in Punjab, Peshawar and Kashmir from 1799 to 1849.
  • Finally, by 1849 the state was dissolved after the defeat in the Anglo-Sikh wars.
  • The military force of Sikh empire is known as Khalsa. The military system of Ranjit Singh combined the best of both old and new ideas. He strengthened the infantry and the artillery.

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