10 Important Rules Of Subject-Verb Agreement English Study Materials

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10 Important Rules Of Subject-Verb Agreement English Study Materials

10 Important Rules Of Subject-Verb Agreement

The right selection of verb according to the subject is called subject-verb agreement.

Rules to be followed:

Rule 1

  • The singular subject is followed by singular verb and plural subject is followed by plural verb: 

Example:

  • The boys is playing in the field. (incorrect)
  • The boys are playing in the field. (correct)

Rule 2

  • If the two singular subject are connected “with” and they point on the same thing or object or the first subject is connected with article then verb used will be singular:

Example:

  • The principal and teacher have gone.(incorrect)
  • The principle and teacher has gone.(correct)
  • A black and a white cow is grazing in the field.(incorrect)
  • A black and a white cow are grazing in the field.(correct)

Rule 3

  • If the two subject are connected with “and” and both the subject are preceded with article the verb used will be singular:

Example

  • The principle and the teacher has gone. (incorrect)
  • The principle and the teacher have gone.( correct)

Rule 4

  • Following pairs of nouns are supposed to be singular and followed by singular verb: Bread and butter, bread and milk, slow and steady, rice and curry etc..

Example:

  • Rice and curry are tasty dish.(incorrect)
  • Rice and curry is tasty dish.(correct)

Rule 5

  • If “each and every” is used before two or more subject the verb used will be singular:

Example:

  • Each boy and each girl have finished breakfast. ( incorrect )
  • Each boy and girl has finished breakfast. (correct)

Rule 6

  • If the word each, either , or neither are placed in place of subject the verb used wil be singular:

Example:

  • Each have come. (incorrect)
  • Each has come. (correct)

Rule 7

  • “A number of” is followed by plural subject and plural verb while “the number of” is followed by plural subject and singular verb:

Example:

  • A number of boys has come. (incorrect)
  • A number boy has come. (incorrect)
  • A number boys have come.( correct)
  • The number of students are increasing. (incorrect)
  • The number of students is increasing. (correct)

Rule 8

  • Phrase “more than one” is followed by singular subject and singular verb:

Example:

  • More than one students were present. (incorrect)
  • More than one student was present. (correct)

Rule 9

  • In the following words verb used will be according first subject:
  • As well as, with, together with, along with, in addition to, rather than, and not, besides,
  • Like, except, accompanied by, headed by, let by, governed by etc..

Example:

  • She as well as her parents have come.(incorrect)
  • She as well as her parents has come.(correct)
  • The teacher with all his students were present.(incorrect)
  • The teacher with all his students was present.(correct)

Rule 10

  • Interrogative form of a sentence is used when a sentence starts with the following adverbs:
  • Hardly, scarcely, rarely, seldom, never before, outside etc…

Example:

  • Seldom he visits his hometown. (incorrect)
  • Seldom does he visit his hometown.(correct)
  • Hardly she goes to school. (incorrect)
  • Hardly does she go to school.( correct)
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