River System In India

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River System In India

River System In India

Rivers in India are divided into two types:
1. The Himalayan River system
2. The Peninsular river system

Differences between Himalayan River system and peninsular river system:

Himalayan River system Peninsular river system
Most of the Himalayan rivers
are perennial that is they have water
Throughout the year
They are seasonal not perennial
They receive water from rain as well as
Melting of snow
They receive water from rain only
They have long courses from their
Source to sea
They have shorter courses from their
Source to sea
Examples: Indus and Brahmaputra Examples: Krishna and Godavari

Himalayan River System:

The Himalayan River system are further divided into

  • Indus river system
  • Ganga river system
  • Brahmaputra river system

Indus river system:a. Indus:

  • The river originates in Bokhar Chu glacier in Mt. Kailash near Mansarovar Lake in Tibet
  • It flows westwards and enters into India in Jammu and Kashmir, further flows through Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and enters Pakistan.
  • Flowing further westwards, it reaches the Arabian Sea near Karachi.

The Indus river system consists of following rivers:

  • Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab and Jhelum are its other tributaries
  • Zanskar, Nubra and Shyok, and Hunza in Pakistan.
Name of the river Place of origin
Indus Near Lake Mansarovar
Jhelum Verinag spring in Kashmir
Chenab Bara-lach la pass
Sutlej Rakshastal lake in Tibet
Beas Beas Kund in Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh
Ravi Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh

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