The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 – TNPSC Study Material

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The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 – TNPSC Study Material

Nobel Prize in Physics 2017

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 was divided, one half awarded to Rainer Weiss, the other half jointly to Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne “for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves”.
  • Around 1.3 billion years ago, in a far-flung corner of the universe, two black holes — the densest, most destructive forces known to nature — collided with each other.
  • A hundred years ago, Albert Einstein predicted that such a massive collision would distort the very fabric of space and time itself. Like a stone cast into a pond, the cataclysmic disturbance would ripple outward at the speed of light, filling the ocean of the universe with gravitational waves. Einstein, however, never thought it would be possible to detect such waves.
  • In a massive achievement of human ingenuity and patience, scientists announced in 2016 that they had detected these waves as they slid through the Earth. (Since then, they’ve detected them three more times.) And Tuesday, their effort to record gravitational waves for the first time — a decades-long collaboration involving thousands of scientists around the globe — has been awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.

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