Inventions And Discoveries List Exam Study Notes

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Inventions And Discoveries List Exam Study Notes

Inventions And Discoveries

Inventions And Discoveries List Exam Study Notes

INVENTIONS INVENTOR YEAR COUNTRY
Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg 1440 Germany
Pocket Watch Peter Henlein 1510 Germany
Microscope Zacharis Janssen 1590 Netherlands
Logarithms, Napier Bones & decimal point John Napier 1590s Scotland
Automatic Calculator Wilhelm Schickard 1623 Germany
Adding Machine Blaise Pascal 1642 France
Barometer Evangelista Torricelli 1643 Italy
Air Pump Otto Von Guericke 1650 Germany
Bacteria Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 1665 Netherlands
Pendulum Clock Christian Huygens 1657 Netherlands
Gravity & Reflecting telescope Isaac Newton 1668 England
Clarinet Johann Christoph Denner 1690 Germany
Steam Engine Thomas Savery 1698 UK
Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori 1700 Italy
Centigrade Scale Anders Celsius 1742 Sweden
Electroscope Jean Nollet 1748 France
Lightning Conductor Benjamin Franklin 1752 USA
Hydrogen Henry Cavendish 1766 England
Chlorine Karl Wilhelm Scheele 1774 Sweden
Ship (Steam) J.C Perier 1775 France
Oxygen Antoine Laurent Lavoisier 1775 France
Submarine David Bushnell 1776 USA
Hot Air Balloon Josef & Etienne Montgolfier 1783 France
Tungsten Juan José Elhuyar Lubize & Fausto de Elhuyar 1783 Spain
Bifocal Lens Benjamin Franklin 1784 USA
Parachute Jean Pierre Blanchard 1785 France
Steam Boat John Fitch 1786 USA
Guillotin Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin 1790s France
Watch (Self Winding) Abraham-Louis Breguet 1791 France
Milling machine & cotton gin Eli Whitney 1793 USA
Small Pox Vaccine Edward Jenner 1796 England
Vaccination
Electric Battery Volta 1800 Italian
Locomotive Richard Trevithick 1804 England
Stethoscope Rene Laennec 1816 France
Dental Plate Anthony A.Plantson 1817 USA
Cadmium Friedrich Stromeyer 1817 Germany
Cement Joseph Aspdin 1824 England
Electromagnet William Sturgeon 1824 England
Photography (on metal) Joseph Nicéphore Niepce 1826 France
Braille Louis Braille 1829 France
Electromagnetic Induction Michael Faraday 1831 UK
Electric Generator
Revolver Samuel Colt 1835 USA
Photography (on paper) W. H. Fox Talbot 1835 England
Telegraph William Cook & Charles Wheatstone 1837 England
Telegraph code Samuel Morse 1837 USA
Ozone Christian Schonbein 1839 Germany
Typewriter Peter Mitterhofer 1841 Austria
Transformer (Induction coil) William Stanley .Jr 1842 US
Saxophone Adolphe Sax 1846 Belgium
Sewing Machine Elias Howe 1846 USA
Motorcycle Edward Butler 1848 England
Bullet Claude Minie 1849 France
Safety Pin William Hunt 1849 US
Burglar Alarm Edwin T. Holmes 1851 US
Refrigerator James Harrison 1851 Australia
Elevator Elisha G. Otis 1852 USA
Steam-Powered Airship Henri Giffard 1852 France
Light Bulb Heinrich Goebel 1854 Germany
Generator Piciontti 1860 Italy
Machine Gun Richard Gaffing 1861 USA
Typewriter Peter Mitterhofer 1864 Austria
Antiseptic Dr. Joseph Lister 1867 England
Dynamite Alfred B. Nobel 1867 Sweden
Helium William Ramsay 1868 Great Britain
Vacuum Cleaner Ives McGuffey 1869 USA
Electric Motor (DC) Zenobe Gramme 1873 Belgium
Barbed Wire Joseph F. Glidden 1873 US
Telephone Graham Bell 1874 Canada
Microphone Alexander Graham Bell 1876 US
Carburetor Gottlieb Daimler 1876 Germany
Phonograph Thomas Edison 1877 USA
Welder (Electric Welding) Elisha Thompson 1877 US
Gramophone Thomas Edison 1878 USA
Cash Register James Ritty 1879 USA
Arc Lamp C. F. Brush 1879 Ohio
Electric Lamp Thomas Alva Edison 1879 USA
Electromagnetic theory of light & electromagnetic waves, Radio and electrical frequencies (Hz) Heinrich Rudolph Hertz 1880 Germany
AC motor and transformer, vacuum tube amplifier, Tesla coil, X-Ray technology Nikola Tesla 1880s USA
Electric Fan Wheeler 1882 USA
Fountain Pen Lewis Edson Waterman 1884 USA
Fluorine Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan 1886 France
Ball Point Pen John Loud 1888 USA
Bicycle Tyres John Boyd Dunlop 1888 Scotland
Photography (on film) John Carbutt 1888 US
Time Recorder Harlow Bundy 1890 USA
Animation Emile Reynaud 1892 France
Cinema Lumiere brothers 1894 France
Argon William Ramsay & Baron Ray Leigh 1894 UK
Radio Guglielmo Marconi 1894 Italy
Ship (Turbine) Charles Parsons 1894 England
Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel 1895 Germany
X-ray Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen 1895 Germany
Electric stove/cooker William S. Hadaway 1896 USA
Aspirin Dr. Felix Hoffman 1899 Germany
Cellophane I.E. Brandenberger 1900 Switzerland
Tractor (Caterpillar) Benjamin Holt 1900 US
Disc Brake Dr. F. Lanchester 1902 England
Windshield wipers Mary Anderson 1903 USA
Airplanes Wilber and Orville Wright 1903 USA
Silicones F.S Kipping 1904 England
Bakelite H. Backcland 1907 Belgium/US
Gyrocompass Elmer A. Sperry 1908 U.S
Vitamin A Elmer V. McCollum & M. Davis 1913 USA
Air Conditioner Willis Carrier 1914 USA
Neon Lamp Georges Claude 1915 France
Vitamin B Elmer V. McCollum 1916 US
Motor Scooter Greville Bradshaw 1919 England
Vitamin C Albert Szent-Györgyi & Charles Glen King 1920 USA
Vitamin D Edward Mellanby 1920 USA
Band Aid Earle Dickson 1920 USA
Crescograph Jagadish Chandra Bose 1920s India
Insulin Frederick Banting & Charles H. Best 1921 Canada
Radar Dr. Albert H. Taylor & Leo C. Young 1922 US
Vitamin E Herbert McLean Evans 1922 USA
Film (Musical) Warner Bros 1923 US
Adhesive tape Richard G. Drew 1923 USA
Loud Speaker Chester W. Rice and Edward W. Kellogg 1924 US
Film (Talking) Warner Bros 1926 US
Rocket Engine Robert H. Goddard 1926 USA
Penicillin Alexander Fleming 1928 England
Xerox Machine Chester Carlson 1928 USA
Car Radio William Lear & Elmer Wavering 1929 US
Vitamin K Henrik Dam & Edward Adelbert Doisy 1929 Denmark & USA
Richter Scale Charles Richter 1935 USA
Jet Engine Hans Von Ohain 1936 Germany
Microscope(Electron) Vladimir Kosme Sworykin 1939 Russia
Helicopter Igor Sikorsky 1939 Russia
Atom Bomb Julius Robert Oppenheimer 1945 USA
Microwave Oven Percy Spencer 1947 USA
Transistors John Bardeen, William Shockley & Walter Brattain 1948 US
Pacemaker Dr. Paul Zoll 1952 USA
Electronic Calculator IBM 1954 USA
Hovercraft Christopher Cockerell 1959 England
Laser Dr. Charles H. Townes 1960 US
Soft Contact lenses Otto Wichterle 1961 Czech
Synthesizer Dr. Robert Arthur Moog 1964 USA