Important Points From Indian Polity | Exam Study Materials

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Important Points From Indian Polity | Exam Study Materials

Minimum age required for various positions in India:

Name of the position Minimum age required
To become President of India 35
To become Vice-president of India 35
To become Prime minister of India 25
To become Member of Rajya Sabha 30
To become Member of Lok Sabha 25
To become Governor of state 35
To become Member of Legislative assembly 25
To become Member of Legislative council 30
To contest for Panchayat elections 21

Administration of oath of office:

Name of the position Oath administered by
President of India Chief Justice of India (Article-60 deals with Oath or affirmation by the President)
Vice-President of India President of India (Article-69 Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President)
Prime minister of India President of India
Council of Ministers President of India
Member of Lok Sabha President or some person appointed by him (usually Pro-term speaker)
Member of Rajya Sabha President or some person appointed by him
Judge of the Supreme Court President or some person appointed by him
Governor of  a state Chief justice of the concerned state high court (Article-159: Oath or affirmation by the Governor)
Chief Minister of state Governor of  a state
Judges of a high court Governor of the state or some person appointed by him for this purpose
Comptroller and Auditor General of India President of India

Resignation address:

Name of the position By addressing resignation letter
President of India Vice-President of India
Vice-President of India President of India
Prime minister of India President of India
Chief justice of India President of India
Governor of a state President of India
chairman and members of the State public service Commission Governor of a state
Comptroller and Auditor General of India president of India
Attorney General president of India
advocate general for the State Governor of state

Process of removal:

Name of the position Removed through
President of India Impeachment (Article-61 deals with impeachment Procedure of President)
Vice-President Of India Resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority (ie, a majority of the total members of the House) and agreed to by the Lok Sabha.
Prime minister Of India When he losses majority in Lok Sabha
Judge of the Supreme Court By an order of the president. The President can issue the removal order only after an address by Parliament has been presented to him in the same session for such removal. The address must be supported by a special majority of each House of Parliament (ie, a majority of the total membership of that House and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting). The grounds of removal are two—proved misbehaviour or incapacity.
Governor Pleasure of the President
Judge of the High court Judge of a high court can be removed from his office by an order of the President. The President can issue the removal order only after an address by the Parliament has been presented to him in the same session for such removal. The address must be supported by a special majority of each House of Parliament (i.e., a majority of the total membership of that House and majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting).
Chief Election commissioner Same manner and on the same grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court
Chairman or any other member of UPSC The president can remove the chairman or any other member of UPSC for misbehaviour. However, in this case, the president has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry. If the Supreme Court, after the enquiry upholds the cause of removal and advises so, the president can remove the chairman or a member. Under the provisions of the Constitution, the advice tendered by the Supreme Court in this regard is binding on the president
Chairman and members of the State public service Commission They can be removed only by the president (and not by the governor). The president can remove them on the same grounds and in the same manner as he can remove a chairman or a member of the UPSC
Chairman and members of a JSPSC By the president of India
Comptroller and Auditor General of India On same grounds and in the same manner as a judge of the Supreme Court. In other words, he can be removed by the president on the basis of a resolution passed to that effect by both the Houses of Parliament with special majority, either on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.
Attorney General Pleasure of the president
Advocate General for the State   Pleasure of the governor.

Retirement age:

Name of the position Minimum age required
Judges of Supreme court Hold office until he attains the age of 62 years
Judges of High court Hold office until he attains the age of 62 years
Chief election commissioner and Election commissioners Hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years
Chairman and members of the UPSC Hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 65 years
Chairman and members of the state public service Commission Hold office for a term of six years or until they attain the age of 62 years, whichever is earlier
Chairman and members of a JSPSC For a term of six years or until they attain the age of 62 years

 


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