Verb, Noun, Adjective, Adverb | TNPSC CCSE 4 English Study Materials

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Find Out The Odd Words | Verb, Noun, Adjective, Adverb TNPSC CCSE 4 English Study Materials 

Verb, Noun, Adjective, Adverb


  1. A Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing.

Note:   The word thing is used to mean anything that we can think of.

  1. Look at the following sentence:-

Asoka was a wise king – A Noun Asoka refers to a particular king, but the noun king might be applied to any other king as well as to Asoka. We call Asoka a PROPER NOUN,  and king a COMMON NOUN.


Sita is a Proper Noun, (While girl is a common Noun)

Har is a Proper Noun (While boy is a common Noun)

Calcutta is a Proper Noun (While town is a Common Noun)

India is a Proper Noun, (While country is a common Noun)

The word girl is a Common Noun, because it a name common to all girls, while Sita is a Proper Noun because it is the name of a particular girl

Following are some of the words used in different parts of speech with their noun forms:

Sl. No. Verb Noun Adjective Adverb
1. Activate Activation Active Actively
2. Anger Anger Angry Angrily
3. Beauty Beauty Beautiful Beautifully
4. Believe Belief Believable Believably
5. Brighten Brightness Bright Brightly
6. Clarify Clarity Clear Clearly
7. Calm Calmness Calm Calmly
8. Deepen Depth Deep Deeply
9. Encourage Encouragement Courageous Courageously
10. Endanger Danger Dangerous Dangerously
11. Enjoy Joy Joyful Joyfully
12. Elongate Length Long, lengthy Lengthily
13. Excite Excitement Excited Excitedly
14. Glorify Glory Glorious Gloriously
15. Grieve Grief Grievous Glourously
16. Heal Health Healthy Healthily
17. Heighten Height Heightened Highly
18. Lighten Light Lightened, lightening lighteningly
19. Permit Permission Permissible Permissibly
20. Punish Punishment Punishable Punishably
21. Quiet Quietness Quiet Quietly
22. Simplify Simplicity Simple Simply
23. Soften Softness Soft Softly
24. Succeed Success Successful Successfully
25. Sweeten Sweetness Sweet Sweetly
26. Terrify Terror Terrible Terribly
27. Thank Thankfulness Thankful Thankfully
28. Use Usefulness Useful Usefully
29. Vacate Vacation Vacant Vacantly
30. Widen Width Wide widely

Write in your own sentence using the noun forms of the following words:

1. Religious (adj) Religion play a vital role for social development.
2. Pure (adj) Purity  of water is essential for good health
3. Dedicate (verb) Dedication  of our forefathers lead to our Independence.
4. Cruelly (adv) Blue cross society condemns cruelty against animals.
5. Modernsise (adj)  Tremmendous changes take place in the modern society.
6. Geneate (verb)  The new generation will change India as a developed one.
7. Require (verb) The requirement for the new language lab will be supplied soon.
8. Scientific (adj) The world marches towards a great development in Science.
9. Poor (adj)  Many people are still living below the poverty line
10. Elect (verb) The photo identity cards are getting ready for the next election.


Rules of Adverbs:

  1. So and Too: They should not be used without their co-relatives that and to.

Eg:  1. He is so rich that he can buy anything

  1. He is too intelligent.
  2. Some words retain their form when they become advers: Fast, First, next, back, ill, better, best
  3. Adverbs ending in –ly form the comparative by adding more and superlative by adding most.

Eg:  This work is more beautifully done than that work

The scenery of Kashmir is most lovely of all.

  1. Adverbs of manner, Place and time are generally placed after the verb or after the object of the verb.

Eg:  We visited Kashmir last year.

He is talking on and on.

  1. When an adverb modifies an adjective or another adverb, the adverb comes before it.

Eg:  Her dress was ready nearly (c)

Her dress was nearly ready (Ö)

  1. Adverbs of frequency such as always, ever, never, seldom, frequently etc., are always placed before the very they modify.

Eg:  He sometimes comes late.

She always looks beautiful.

  1. Enough is both an Adjective and an Adverb. As an adverb, it is always placed after the adjective it modifies. As an adjective it is placed before noun.

Eg:  He is enough intelligent (c)

He is intelligent enough to win the competition (Ö)

  1. An adverb can be placed at the beginning of a sentence, when it intended to qualify, not any word in particular, but sentence as a whole.

Eg:  Fortunately, he was not present at that time.

  1. Else should be followed by but, and not by than.

Eg:  It is nothing else than/but his carelessness which has led to his failure.

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