Central And State Commission | Indian Polity Study Notes

Central And State Commission | Indian Polity Study Notes


Central and State Commission
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

  • With the promulgation of the new Constitution for Independent India on January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title Union Public Service Commission.

The Structure of UPSC

  • The Chairman and other members of the UPSC are appointed by the President and they hold office for a term of 6 years from the date of appointment or until they attain the age of 65 years. They are independent of the Executive and Legislature in the same manner as the judges of the Supreme Court.
    Age of retirement for a member of UPSC of a State or Joint Commission is 62 years.
  • UPSC members can resign by addressing their letter of resignation to the President. President can remove them by issuing orders. Supreme Court makes such recommendation on the basis of an inquiry.


  • To conduct exams for appointment to service under the Union.
    Maintains continuity of administration.
    Advise the President (not obligatory on him) in matters relating to appointment, promotions and transfers from one service to another of civil servants.
    All disciplinary matters affecting person in the service of Union.
    Matters regarding award of pension and awards and awards in respect to injuries sustained during service under the government.


  • The Finance Commission consists of a Chairman and four other members.
  • The Chairman is selected from among the persons, who had experience in public affairs. While the members are selected from among persons
  • are or have been qualified to be appointed judges of the High Court.
    (ii) have special knowledge of finance and accounts of government.
  • wide experience in financial matters and in administration.
  • having special knowledge on economics.
  • The President constitutes a Finance Commission every five years, to
    recommend to the President distribution of net proceeds of the taxes which are divisible between union and states.
  • recommend the principles, which should govern the grants of the revenues of the states out of the Consolidate Fund of India.
  • The Commission’s recommendations are of advisory nature and hence not binding on the government.

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